Drug addiction rehab simply means quitting drugs
and learning how to live a drug-free life. However, this can be a very
complex process. Different drugs have different effects on the body and
mind, just as certain people are more prone to addiction to certain
drugs than others. There is no one-size-fits-all drug rehab treatment
that suits everybody. And treatment varies according to which drug is
involved as well.
Drug rehab can take the form of behavioral (or
'cognitive') therapy, medication, or a combination of both. A number of
factors determine which treatment will work best.
Behavioral therapy offers addicts strategies for
coping with their drug cravings. It teaches them ways to avoid drugs
and prevent relapse. This type of therapy also teaches them how to
manage a relapse should it occur.
When a person's drug-related behavior places him
or her at higher risk for AIDS or other infectious diseases, behavioral
therapies can help to reduce the risk of disease transmission. Case
management and referral to other medical, psychological, and social
services are crucial components of treatment for many patients.
Treatment medications, such as methadone, LAAM,
and naltrexone, are available for individuals addicted to opiates.
Nicotine preparations (patches, gum, nasal spray) and bupropion are
available for individuals addicted to nicotine. Medications, such as
antidepressants, mood stabilizers, or neuroleptics, may be critical for
treatment success when patients have co-occurring mental disorders,
such as depression, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, or psychosis.
The best programs generally provide a combination
of both therapy and medication, and are integrated with other community
services that meet the needs of the individual patient, which are
shaped by such issues as age, race, culture, sexual orientation,
gender, pregnancy, parenting, housing, and employment.
Drug addiction rehab can occur in a variety of
settings, in many different forms, and for different lengths of time.
Because addiction is typically a chronic disorder characterized by
occasional relapses, a short-term, one-time treatment is rarely
sufficient. For many, rehab is a long-term process that involves
multiple interventions and attempts at abstinence.
A period of detoxification followed by long-term
rehab is generally the best course of action for anyone trying to beat
an addiction, and while it doesn't have to take place at an in-patient
facility, these do tend to have the best success rates when it comes to
truly beating drug addiction and leading a drug-free life.
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